Communism is Prison
The communist regime of the Soviet Union (in Estonia 1940-1941, 1944-1991) imprisoned innocent people in the historical Patarei fortress on ideological pretext. They constitute only a fraction of all the victims of communism, the estimated number of whom in the world is more than 93 million.
The authentic prison interior of the Patarei exhibition area introduces vividly the nature of communist ideology and the crimes of its implementers in different countries, the stories of the victims of communism and Nazism, and the eventful history of Patarei since its construction as a naval fortress in the 19th century.
Irrespective of one’s place of residence, origin or native language, Patarei resonates with everyone in its own way. The exhibition area “Communism is Prison”, introducing totalitarian ideology and its implementation, warns against the dangerousness of such ideas and reminds us of the value of human dignity and freedom. Patarei is a place for learning, experiencing, commemorating, contemplating.
The exhibition area is the first manifestation of the unique International Museum for the Victims of Communism and research centre that will be established in the Patarei complex.
Patarei is one of the largest completely preserved classical style building ensembles in Estonia and the surrounding area. The complex is protected under heritage conservation.
The creation of the
exhibition has been coordinated and is administered by the Estonian Institute
of Historical Memory. Contributions to the creation of the exhibition have been
made by the Government of the Republic of Estonia, the Ministry of Justice of
the Republic of Estonia, the Museum of the Occupation of Latvia, the Lithuanian
Museum of Genocide Victims, the Foundation
for the Study of Communist Dictatorship in East Germany, the Polish Institute
of National Remembrance, State Real Estate Ltd, Velvet OÜ, many private
benefactors and supporters. Thank you!
S. Courtois, N. Werth, J.-L. Panne, A. Paczkowski, K. Bartošek, J.-L. Margolin. The Black Book of Communism. Crimes. Terror. Repression. Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1999.